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Notorious Cases

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La première épidémie à l'hôtel Rio Park s'est produite en 1973, quatre touristes sont morts, mais à l'époque, elle n'a pas été reconnue comme la maladie du légionnaire jusqu'à une épidémie subséquente dans le même hôtel en 1977. 

1973 - 1977 

Benidorm, Spain (Hotel Rio Park)

Source: Shower pipes

Known cases: 4

Deaths: 4

1976

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Source: Air conditioning

Known cases: 221

Deaths: 34

1985 

Stafford, England (Stafford District Hospital)

Source: Air conditioning

Known cases: 175

Deaths: 28

1999

Bovenkarspel, Netherlands

Source: Hot tub

Known cases: 318

Deaths: 32

2000

Melbourne, Australia (Melbourne Aquarium)

Source: Cooling tower

Known cases: 125

Deaths: 4

2003-2004

Pas-de-calais, France (petrochemical plant)

Source: Cooling tower

Known cases: 86

Deaths: 18

2005

Toronto, Ontario, Canada (Seven Oaks Home for the Aged)

Source: cooling tower

Known cases: 127

Deaths: 21

2008

New Brunswick, New Jersey (Saint Peter’s University Hospital)

Source: Drinking water

Known cases: 6

Deaths: 2

2012

Quebec City, Canada

Source: Possibly cooling towers

Known cases: 180

Deaths: 13

2012

Chicago, Illinois (JW Marriott Hotel)

Source: Decorative fountain in lobby

Known cases: 10

Deaths: 3

2015

Bronx, New York

(Lincoln Hospital and Concourse Plaza)

Source: Cooling towers

Known cases: 113

Deaths: 12

2019

Fletcher, North Carolina (NC Mountain State Fair)

Source: Hot tub displays

Known cases: 141

Deaths: 4

Legionella Outbreaks Over the Years

The first outbreak occurred in 1973 in Hotel Rio Park. Four tourists died, but the illness was not known as Legionnaires’ disease until a subsequent outbreak in the same hotel in 1977.

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